Allergy Treatment

Allergies do not have to be intolerable. There are a number of ways to lessen the symptoms, including allergy shots, which help sufferers deal with allergens more effectively. In addition, there is medication, both prescription and over-the-counter versions. It is important to keep in mind that allergies can never be “cured.” However, the allergy treatments that are available, specifically medication, can make symptoms much more tolerable. There are decongestants, antihistamines, corticosteroids and combination drugs on the market today.

allergy treatment

Decongestants

Like their name implies, decongestants help with congestion. They are particularly effective at easing allergy symptoms when used in conjunction with antihistamines. It is possible to purchase decongestants in pill, liquid, eye drop or nasal spray form.

Liquid and pill decongestants can be taken safely over the long-term. In comparison, eye drops and nasal sprays are meant for short-term use only. If the directions on the packaging is not followed, allergy symptoms could become worse.

Antihistamines

Antihistamine

Antihistamines are one of the most common medications used to treat allergies. After you come into contact with an allergen, your immune system goes into overdrive.  Mast cells send out something called histamine, which makes blood vessels swell to a larger size than normal. In addition, histamine can also cause you to experience redness, itch and even swell. Antihistamines work by setting up an effective barrier against histamines so the body does not experience these symptoms.

Eye Drops

eye drop

There are a number of allergy eye drops on the market, including decongestants, antihistamines, multiple action and anti-inflammatory. Some are only available with a prescription. Others can be purchased over the counter. Different types of eye drops work in different ways. Some will provide near immediate relief. Others take time to work and continue working throughout the allergy season.

Nasal Sprays

nasal spray

Of all allergy medications, steroid nasal sprays are particularly strong. They target inflammation in the nose, reducing allergy symptoms associated with the nasal area.

There is also an atrovent nasal spray that is useful in the case of a runny nose. It is generally safe to use in conjunction with other medications, because it is only effective in the area where it is sprayed. However, it is best to check with a medical professional. The user needs only to spray the medication into each nostril in order to see improvement.

Inhibitors

inhibitor

Leukotriene inhibitors are pretty new to the market. They stop leukotriene, which is a chemical, from working. Leukotriene increases the amount of mucus in the nose. It also results in the swelling of nasal passages. Asthma sufferers are familiar with leukotriene, too; it makes the airways tighten during an attack.

Mast cell inhibitors can also be effective, but you have to time things just right. After you are exposed to an allergen, mast cell inhibitors keep histamine from being released in the body. That stops allergy symptoms from occurring.

Dehumidifiers

dehumidifier

Dehumidifiers come in handy if the allergens in question are dust mites, mildew or mold. Dehumidifiers make the air in the home drier, which keeps mildew and mold from growing. It also creates an inhospitable environment for dust mites.

Allergy Shots

Allergy Shot

Some people do not respond well to allergy medication; for them, allergy shots could be the answer. They help the body avoiding reacting to allergens as severely as they once did. While these shots are still not a cure, they do help you to feel better. Allergy shots are often prescribed if the sufferer does not find relief through allergy medication or if the sufferer has a particularly bad case of allergies.

Auto-Injector Information

auto-injector

Auvi-Q, Twinject and EpiPen are all known as auto-injectors. They come in handy when there is a very serious allergic reaction. Auto-injectors provide a crucial dose of epinephrine, an adrenaline natural to the body. Epinephrine can keep blood pressure stable and make it easier for the sufferer to breathe. It also cuts back on swelling.

Source: WebMD

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