Colitis is inflammation of the inner lining of the colon and is associated with diarrhea, pain, and blood in the stool. There are many reasons for the colon to get inflamed such as:

loss of blood circulation to the colon, infection, inflammatory bowel or intestinal disease, and attack of the colon wall by Lymphocytic white blood cells or collagen.

There are different types of colitis and symptoms of each are different and dependent on the cause of disease and factors that determine its course and severity.

Understanding Ischemic Colitis

Ischemic Colitis is a condition that takes place whenever the blood flow to the colon, or large intestine, is cut back due to either blocked or narrowed arteries. Whenever the blood flow is diminished, there will be an insufficient amount of oxygen available for the cells within your digestive system which can cause pain and even begin to damage your colon. While Ischemic Colitis is a condition that can impact any portion of the colon, the majority of people will experience pain that stems from the left side of the abdomen. Read more »

Overview of Ulcerative Colitis

Ulcerative Colitis Image

Inflammatory bowel disease can be very debilitating, and the two most common types are Ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease. Only the colon and the rectum are affected by ulcerative colitis, but Crohn’s disease can appear in any area within the digestive system. See the separate topic about Crohn’s disease in order to learn more about it. Read more »

What Are Different Types of Colitis?

Colitis is caused by inflammation of colon and there are several different types of this disease.

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) – is a group of inflammatory conditions of colon and small intestine and are considered as autoimmune disease, in which the body’s own immune system attacks portions of digestive tract.  There are two major types of IBD:

  • Ulcerative colitis – typically affects just the innermost lining of your large intestine (colon) and rectum. It takes place just through continuous stretches of your colon.   Ulcerative colitis may be incapacitating and in some cases can result in life-threatening complications. It is a chronic illness so symptoms usually progress gradually, instead of suddenly. There isn’t any known cure for ulcerative colitis, however there are treatments  that could significantly lower the symptoms and perhaps result in a long-term remission.  Click here to learn more about Ulcerative colitis.
  • Crohn’s disease – type that often leads to Colitis and it can happen anywhere in the digestive tract and often spreads deeply into the affected tissues. Read more »
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