What Are Ulcerative Colitis Symptoms

Ulcerative colitis is a kind of inflammatory bowel disease. People with this condition experience a number of different symptoms. Ulcerative colitis symptoms largely depend on where the inflammation occurs and how severe it is. Because of this, many doctors classify the disease by the place it’s located.

Here are some of the symptoms associated with the various types of ulcerative colitis.

Proctosigmoiditis: This type of colitis takes place in the sigmoid colon, an area around the colon’s lower end and the rectum. Symptoms include constipation accompanied by a feeling of needing to have a bowel movement, bloody diarrhea, and painful abdominal cramps.

Ulcerative proctitis: This form of the disease takes place in the area around the anus. The most common, and sometimes only symptom, in anal bleeding. However, some people may also experience pain or feel as though they urgently need to have a bowel movement. It tends to be much milder than other forms of the disease.


Fulminant colitis: This type of colitis is experienced in the entire colon, and symptoms tend to be very severe. They include extreme pain, severe diarrhea, dehydration, and even shock. It can be life-threatening due to the many complications associated with it, such as rapid colon expansion and colon rupture. If you experience these symptoms, you should seek medical attention immediately.

Pancolitis: This form of the disorder can effect either the left colon or the enitre colon. Symptoms include severe abdominal cramps, rapid weight loss, fatigue, and bloody diarrhea.

Left-sided colitis: As its name implies, this kind of colitis affects the left colon. Some of the symptoms are sudden weight loss, pain on the left side of the abdomen, and bloody diarrhea.

Ulcerative colitis can be mild, or it can be severe. Some people may experience symptoms, go back to normal, and see those symptoms return later on. If you suspect you may be suffering from colitis, you should bring it up with your doctor.

You may have noticed that many of the symptoms of ulcerative colitis are shared between the different types. If you experience ongoing diarrhea that isn’t helped by over the counter medication, severe abdominal pain, bloody stool, or a sudden, unexplained fever that last for over a day, call your doctor immediately.

In most cases, ulcerative colitis isn’t fatal. However, that doesn’t mean it’s not a serious illness. If you think you may be suffering from this disease, you need to seek treatment right away.

Source – Mayo Clinic


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