What is Acne? An Overview

Acne is a typical skin disorder that affects the majority of people sooner or later. It causes spots or pimples on the skin, generally on the face, back and chest. The spots ranges from blackheads and whiteheads which can be mild, to inflamed pus-filled pustules and cysts, which may be severe and long lasting and may result in scarring.

Acne

Acne

Acne generally affect adolescents and teenagers but may also occur to anyone at any age.   About 80% of people between 11 and 30 will be suffering from acne but it’s mostly typical in girls between age of 14 to 17 and 16-19 for boys.   Most of us have acne off and on for quite some time before the symptoms begin to improve as we age. Acne symptoms generally goes away when individuals are in their twenties. About 1% of men and 5% of women are affected over the age of 25.


So why do we get acne?

It’s believed that acne breakouts are connected to the changes in hormone levels during puberty.  Because of this, teenagers are more affected than any other age groups.  Glands in the skin discharges large amounts of an oily and thick substance called sebum. This blocks small pores in the skin by which hairs grow (hair follicles), leading to blackheads and whiteheads. When the hair follicles are blocked, the typical bacteria that exists on the skin can infect the follicles leading to pimples or acne.Now acne is hereditory which means if both parents had acne, chances are that you’ll also get acne. Hormonal changes during pregnancy, menstrual period or puberty may trigger acne breakouts. There’s no proof that diet, poor hygiene or sexual activity lead to acne.

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What should be done if you have acne?

It’s important to keep your skin clean in order to prevent development of new spots. Wash the pimples two times a day with a soap or cleanser, but don’t scrub your skin too hard to avoid irritating it.  Although acne is not curable, it can be managed with proper treatment. There are quite a few over the counter creams, lotions and gels at pharmacies. Talk to the pharmacist if you need advice on picking the right product.  If you have severe acne and it’s all over your chest and back, you should see your physician as you many need prescription drugs and stronger creams.  It’s good idea to see your doctor if the over the counter products don’t help or if your acne is causing emotional stress.  If you have nodules or cysts, you may get scars so see your general physician for right treatments.  These types of treatments usually takes about  90 days to work, so don’t expect immediate results.

Sources

http://www.news-medical.net/health/Acne.aspx

http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Acne/Pages/Introduction.aspx

This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. DailyHealthNet.com disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.


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